OT Class for Nov 2 2010

 EXPLORING A PROPHET

From OT Class Notes October 24, 2010

 

EZEKIEL

Dates               597 BCE

Setting              He is a priest living in exile (Valley of dry bones) land of Chaldeans

by river Chebar

Major Theme    God is at work through catastrophe to create a new people and hope.

Key Passage     Ez 37:14; 36:23

Symbol             Illustration of bones

 

ISAIAH

Dates               740 – 690

Setting              Isaiah I – mainly Jerusalem, Chapters 1-39

                        Isaiah II – Babylon, Chapters 40-55

                                    Isaiah III- Judah – Jerusalem, Chapters 56-60

                                    Written by others in Isaiah’s school of thought

                                    Composite of three different time periods

Major Theme    To call the nation of Judah back to God and to tell of God’s salvation through the Messiah.  People could still have a relationship with God. Messages of Judgement, comfort and hope

Key Passage     Is 9:6,7

Symbol             Illustration of a cactus (prickly words)

 

JEREMIAH

Dates               Later 7th early 6th  (627 – 574 BC)

Setting              Beginning Josiah – Zedekiah last king

                        Precaptivity till during captivity in Egypt

Major Theme    -warning of God’s people of coming judgement for  their idolatry

                        -hope of future restoration

Key Passage     29:10-13            *31:31-34         17:9,10             

Symbol             Illustration of teardrop w/the cross “new covenant”        

 

JONAH

Dates               800 – 750 BCE 

                        785 Preaching Nineveh (40 more days & Nineveh will fall)

Setting              During Iron Age, Nineveh was eastern most part of Syria & as the known empire; very sinful city.

Major Theme    Repent, God is in control

                        1. the storms

                        2. the vine                    

Key Passage     Jonah 4:11

Symbol             Illustration of a fish

                           

MICAH

Dates               742 – 687 BCE

Setting              The Assyrian empire was expanding westward when the northern kingdom of Israel rebelled; the Assyrians destroyed Samaria and took many Israelites into exile.

Major Theme    His message predicted the fall of both the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah. Micah wrote to the people of Judah to warn them that God’s judgement was approaching because they had rejected God and his law.

Key Passage     “They shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks” (4:3)

                        “What does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?” (6:8)

Symbol             Illustration of plow and tool for making plowshares on the anvil

 

AMOS

Dates               760 – 750 (10 yrs.)

Setting              Economic prosperity & commercialism – greed

                        -lack of depth in religion – superficial devotion to God

                        -great wealth and much poverty

Major Theme    Amos concentrates on injustice – particularly social injustice – suppression of poor

Key Passage     Amos 5:21-24

Symbol             Illustration of unbalanced scale

 

HOSEA                             

Dates               753 – 715 BC

Setting

Major Theme

Key Passage     3:1

Symbol            

 

 

This Sunday, Nov 2,

we will study Chapter 7 in the Bible From Scratch, The Books of the Writings.  We focus almost exclusively on the Psalms.

Be sure to read and reread pp 65-67 on the Psalms. Plus, how many of you got through the whole Psalter reading 5 psalms a day?  Pay particular attention to the types of psalms:

Types of Psalms

·       Salvation History psalms showed how the people of Israel were brought out of nothing into the existence as the chosen people of God and of their response to it. 

·       Psalms of “Lament” make up more than 1/3 of all psalms. The laments are very important in that they show us how even in distress the people can praise God in his absence with the anticipation of deliverance.

·       Thanksgiving psalms – show that these people had similar distresses found in the laments, but God delivered them from their troubles and the people respond with testimony to the community.

·       Some psalms are actually Hymns. There are three types:

v   Hymns to God as creator of the universe;

v   Hymns to God who created Israel and her history;

v   Hymns to the Creator of universal history.

These types of psalm are called hymns because they exalt and glory Yahweh (God) through his Being and history and particularly through the history of Israel.

·       Other forms of psalms, include: covenant renewal, Davidic covenant, royal, Zion, enthronement, trust, wisdom, and Torah psalms.

 

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